Let’s take a time machine back to 2001 when Hiroshima’s High Court “reversed a 1998 district court ruling that ordered the Japanese government to pay a total of 900,000 yen ($7,260) in damages to three South Korean women.” (from BBC news)
Question A: Can two states waives all the rights of the individual to claim compensation?
Question B: If the courts argue against legal compensation, than the only option is the legislature or the Prime Minister. Are those particular branches of the government more susceptible to international pressure?
Japan court rules against ‘comfort women’
TOKYO, Japan — A Japanese court has overturned the only ruling ordering compensation for “comfort women” forced to provide sex to soldiers in World War II. The High Court turned down a 1998 ruling by a district court that ordered the government to pay $2,453 each to three South Korean women. Judge Toshiaki Kawanami rejected the appeal, saying there is no obligation under present laws for Tokyo to compensate them, adding that the issue was for the parliament to decide, not the courts. The ruling, like most others, is in line with the Japanese government’s argument that it need not pay compensation to the women as all claims were settled by peace treaties that formally ended the war.
Thursday, 29 March, 2001, 11:09 GMT 12:09 UK
Japan overturns sex slave ruling
A Japanese court has overturned the first and so far only compensation award ever made to World War II sex slaves, prompting outrage in South Korea.